Allergic Rhinitis in 10 Questions
Allergic Rhinitis in 10 Questions. Otorhinolaryngology Specialist Dr. Derya Berk told Weekend: During seasonal transitions; Ear, Nose and Throat Diseases Specialist Dr. Derya Berk listed those who were curious about the disease in 10 items:
■ What symptoms does it cause?
Allergic rhinitis causes symptoms such as runny nose, sneezing, itchy nose, itching inside the palate and ears, and nasal congestion in the long term.
■ Is the incidence increasing?
Allergic rhinitis is the most common allergic disease in the world. It is seen in about 20-25 percent of the population. It is known to be essentially a hereditary disease. However, in recent years, it is thought that the rate of occurrence in the society has gradually increased due to environmental and air pollution, especially in developed countries, pollen in the spring, harmful substances such as food dyes, additives and cigarette smoke that are included in our lives at a very early age.
■ Which age groups affect most?
It is accepted that the disease begins to show symptoms around the age of 3 and can be seen in all age groups up to the age of 50-60.
CIGARETTE SMOKE AND DETERGENTS TRIGGERS
■ Can a previously non-allergenic substance suddenly become an allergen?
Exposure to an allergen that has never been encountered before, intense exposure to a small amount of allergen, major stresses and febrile illnesses that cause triggering in the immune system, hormonal changes such as changing home, work or city, pregnancy, menopause, or when the allergic situation can be activated suddenly. It is known that an existing allergy can disappear suddenly with similar changes.
■ What are the most common triggers?
Any substance that contains chemicals and can irritate the respiratory tract increases the likelihood of worsening allergic rhinitis symptoms. Materials such as pollen, cigarette smoke, detergents and disinfectants, chlorine, especially used in the disinfection of pools, can cause allergic rhinitis.
■ How can we be protected?
There are three ways to avoid allergic rhinitis.
1. Protection can be provided by eliminating the allergen substance.
2. Symptoms occurring can be prevented with some drugs.
3. Sensitivity to the allergen can be reduced with the help of vaccines.
IN BABIES CAN START WITH ADDITIONAL FOOD PERIOD
■ What tests are used for diagnosis ?
The “skin prick test” is the gold standard in the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis and it is the most reliable method. If it cannot be applied due to some diseases in the skin; Special antibody tests from blood samples can also be used.
■ What are the triggering factors in young children?
In babies, with the introduction of additional foods, especially cow’s milk, redness on the cheeks, rashes on the legs, itchy sores may be seen. These may typically be preliminary signs that the child may develop allergic rhinitis or allergic asthma in the future.
■ To what extent do lifestyle changes affect the success of treatment?
It can be said that especially the bedroom is a very important place for allergic rhinitis. It is an important detail that there is no allergen substance in the bedroom.
■ What differences are there from COVID-19?
Allergic rhinitis is a chronic disease. If the patient experiences similar symptoms every year, the allergy will be noticed. However, fever, severe weakness, headache and muscle aches are not expected findings in allergic rhinitis.