How is Building Damage Assessment Done? Having lived in Turkey’s earthquake causes frequent earthquakes event. For this reason, buildings can be damaged due to reasons such as not being strong from earthquakes. In this case, damage assessment studies of the buildings should be carried out in order to prevent loss of life in a new earthquake or demolition. With these words, it is not allowed to enter the buildings with heavy and medium damage and the buildings with heavy damage are demolished.
Damage assessment for buildings is not only made in earthquake events. It is also carried out after the flood disasters in the seasons such as spring or autumn and landslides in areas with rough terrain. Thanks to the works carried out, entrance to buildings that are likely to collapse is prevented.
Building damage assessment studies after natural disasters are carried out by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, depending on the state. Building damage assessment teams composed of engineers and architects are formed by the Ministry’s General Directorate of Construction Affairs. These teams start to examine the buildings in the province or region where the natural disaster occurred. This review is observational. After this examination, they convey the damage status of the buildings to the homeowners and relevant authorities and reveal the magnitude of the disaster.
In the building damage assessment, the employees of the institution, which insures the buildings against natural disasters such as Dask, also carry out determination studies. For this, the building owners must report the damage to the insurance company. Thus, institution officials such as Dask go to the address given to determine the damage and make an evaluation. After this evaluation, they carry out transactions such as compensation payments.
Where and How to Apply?
Those who think that their buildings have been damaged after natural disasters such as landslides, earthquakes or floods in the province or region can apply themselves.
The ways to apply for damage assessment are as follows;
- Alo 181 (Ministry of Environment and Urbanization line)
- Phone number of the provincial municipality where the natural disaster occurred
- Telephone number of the Provincial Directorate of Environment and Urbanization of the province where the natural disaster occurred
- Telephone numbers of district governorships
- In case of an earthquake, Dask’s Alo 125 line
People who use these roads can share information about the damage to the buildings they live in and that they think the buildings they live in are damaged. In addition, they can have information about the damage assessment studies performed.
Can An Online Application Be Made For Building Damage Assessment?
There is a way to apply online for building damage assessment. This way it will benefit from www.turkiye.gov.t address. However, for this, the building where the persons live must have earthquake insurance. Since this insurance is a compulsory one, today many buildings have insurance. Therefore turkiye.gov.t address through the Natural Disaster Insurance Institution (TCIP) can damage reaching notice. In order to do this, people must have obtained their e-government passwords through PTT and enter the address using this password.
They can report damage by correctly marking the earthquake city and earthquake history sections on the Natural Disaster Insurance Institution page. The insurance policy they have made after their inquiry is opened. In addition, from this section, it is possible for them to do the damage inquiry process other than the damage notification.
What are the Sanctions and Regulations to be Applied in Damaged Buildings?
After the technical team formed to identify the damaged buildings finishes their work, the results of the evaluation reports are suspended in the mukhtars and district governorships. The announcement process continues for 30 days and the building owners can object to the reports within this period. They can use Afad provincial directorates and district governorships to appeal. This is valid for the buildings that are specified as undamaged, moderately damaged, slightly damaged and heavily damaged in the report.
In the reports regarding the buildings for which an urgent demolition decision is made in the examinations made, they are announced in the district governorships and mukhtars. Building owners have the right to appeal these reports within 3 days, and the buildings are inspected again after their objection. If an urgent demolition decision is made as a result of the examination, the demolition is carried out by the teams. In the examinations, a 1-year renovation period is given for the structures that can be settled with repair and strengthening works, and if the strengthening works are carried out within this period, residence is allowed.
What are the Types of Damage?
Architects and engineers who examine buildings after natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods or landslides explain the damage status of the buildings to the building owners after their observational evaluation.
According to the explanations of the technical team consisting of engineers and architects, the types of damage seen in the buildings are as follows;
- Undamaged: undamaged buildings are those that were not damaged in any way in the earthquake and these buildings can be lived in.
- Low damage: Buildings with little damage are those whose paint was spilled during the natural disaster, with fine cracks on the walls, and the plasters poured. It is possible that these buildings can be used after a disaster. Cracks and paint spills seen before a natural disaster are not considered as damage.
- Medium damage: Buildings with cracks in the carrier elements and thin cracks in the walls due to the earthquake are called medium damaged buildings. These buildings can be repaired and strengthened. However, buildings are not allowed to be used without strengthening and repair work. For this reason, evacuation of goods is allowed. When determining the damage in these buildings, cracks and cracks seen before the earthquake are not taken into consideration.
- Heavy damage: In the type of heavy damage, buildings are buildings that have had a break in their carrier elements due to natural disasters such as earthquakes and landslides. These buildings are decided to be demolished because they cannot be repaired.
- Emergency to be demolished: These are the buildings that are found to be in an emergency to be demolished as a result of the damage assessment study performed by the experts for the buildings. People are not allowed to enter these buildings and take their belongings. Because these buildings lost most of their carrier elements in the earthquake and some of them were destroyed.
These types of damage can be explained for buildings after an earthquake natural disaster or after disasters such as landslides and floods.
Where is Damage Determination Inquiry Done?
It is possible for building owners to learn the results of the damage studies carried out on their buildings through online inquiries. For this, people should use the address hasartespit.csb.gov.tr. At this address, they learn the damage status of their buildings as a result of the query they make by entering their identity information and address information. Apart from the result, it is also possible for them to learn whether the damage assessment study has been carried out with this inquiry.
Is It Possible To Learn The Risk Of Damage To The Building Before An Earthquake?
It is possible for people to learn about the earthquake risk of their building before natural disasters such as earthquakes. For this, they can apply to companies that provide services on earthquake risk analysis. Since this service is provided by private companies, people who wonder about the risk of damage to their buildings must pay the requested fee to the companies.
This fee starts from 3 thousand TL, but if the building to be risk analyzed has 10 floors or more, there are companies where the price goes up to 15 thousand. These prices may increase or decrease depending on the square meter calculation of the building. In addition, risk analysis is performed per floor in 10-storey buildings.