IKARIA Island History (Icaria). Ikaria is wealthy in verifiable legacy, as it has appeared from its landmarks and the various discoveries from archeological unearthings. When you learn it, you won’t fail to remember it!
The historical backdrop of Ikaria starts a long period of time prior. It isn’t known among the analysts when the island was first occupied. Be that as it may, there are a few discoveries which affirm the presence of hints of human development various periods, from the Neolithic time frame, to the early Bronze Age, the Mycenaean occasions and so forth until later vestige and current occasions.
For some individuals, Ikaria is thought to be the origin of god Dionysos and explicitly close to Drakano and country of wine. It is wonderful that numerous placenames in Ikaria, are identified with Dionysos.
The Name of the island
Prior to its present name, Ikaria (or Icaria) had the names Dolichi or Doligi, which as indicated by certain history specialists signifies ‘worm’ while as per others, it was because of the state of the island. Different names that have been given are Makris, because of its lengthened shape, Ichthyoessa, in view of the quantity of fishes (‘ichtyes’=fish in Greek) in the ocean and Anemoessa, due to the seriousness of the breeze. It was additionally called Oinoe (‘oinos’=wine in Greek), due to the enormous creation wine. It merits referencing that Oinoe was likewise the name of a significant recorded city of Ikaria, which today is called Kampos.
The last name of the island, that has become pervasive these days, is Ikaria, anyway there are numerous variants about the source of this name. As indicated by the antiquated specialist Bochartous, the name comes from the old ‘Ι/κωρ'(= I/kor), which in Phoenician methods Ichthyoessa, regardless of whether it comes from the Phoenician word ‘kara’, which additionally implies sheep, implying that the island has created creature farming.
All things considered, the form that has won, is that the name comes from the celebrated legend of Icarus, when Icarus and his dad Daedalus got away from the royal residence of King Minos of Crete and traveled to Ionia and to the shore of Asia Minor. Eventually, Icarus, energized and captivated by the magnificence of the scenes he was seeing, flew higher towards the sun. His wings at that point dissolved and he fell into the ocean and suffocated in the ocean (the ebb and flow area is the ocean zone between the towns Xylosyrti and Chrysostomos, where it is assembled a landmark and a mid year amphitheater). The ocean was named after the Icarian Sea and the neighboring island Ikaria.
Among local people, Ikaria is likewise called Nikaria and individuals are called Kariotis and Kariotina, or Ikariotis and Ikariotina.
Ancient times Antiquity
There are relatively few comments about the ancient times of Ikaria. There are a few discoveries in the zone of Kampos, Agios Kyrikos, Therma and Glaredo, dated on Neolithic time until 7.000 B.C., when the primary inhabitants, Pelasgoi were gotten comfortable. In the eighth century B.C. (750 B.C.), Ikaria was right off the bat colonized by the Milesians. Miletus was probably the biggest city of Ionia and was a significant maritime force. For quite a long time, colonization emphatically affects the existences of native Ikarian individuals. The ocean transportation created and the business prospered. There were fares of wine, potatoes, olives, apricots, nectar, lumber, charcoal and so on to different islands and to the banks of Asia Minor. In addition, around then started to put together unexpectedly the organization of the island.
In ancient history, the four enormous towns of the island were Oenoe (current name Kampos), Therma and Drakano and Tavropolion (current name Nas ). In the sixth century B.C., Ikaria was overwhelmed by the despot of Samos, Polycrates. During his days, Samos turned into a first maritime force and appreciated extraordinary flourishing, having gotten away from the force of Cyrus had the subjection of all Asia Minor and the islands. At that period, the sanctuary of goddess Artemis in Nas, was developed. Afterward, after the fall of the despot of Samos, Ikaria went under the control of the Persians and explicitly to Darius.
Oinoe and Therma got part of the Athenian Alliance, that battled against the Persians, which beat the expansionist approach of the Spartans. Ikaria stayed in the Athenian Alliance until the total oppression of the island to the Macedonians (around 436 B.C.), when it made a solitary confederation called ‘KOINON IKARION‘.
Ikaria was gotten at first in the province of Alexander the Great and finished after a few fights, in the realm of Pergamon, in the lord Attalus the Third, around the second BC century and afterward passed to the force of the Roman Empire.
The early long periods of the Roman Empire ruled harmony, until the attack of Mithridates in the East, to triumph of Rome. Before the finish of Mythridatic Wars (108-66 B.C.), in the Mediterranean won a serious unrest. There was a huge impact of the privateers of Cilicia (banks of Asia Minor ) who overwhelmed all through the Mediterranean and Ikaria, which they plundered and ransacked up even the sanctuary of Artemis at Tauropolion (Nas).
After the annihilation of the privateers by Pompey, islands figured out how to come round. Afterward, in any case, with the ascent of Octavius, Ikaria went under the control of Samos. During the Roman Empire , the island was loaded up with banishes, while the oppression of the Romans proceeded and brought the island into deterioration.
There are very few chronicled sources that demonstrate the status of Ikaria during Byzantine occasions. Nonetheless, as indicated by custom, it got realized that around then the island was a position of outcast for the illustrious race for a long time. Thus, occupants viewed themselves as relatives of aristocrats and didn’t permit union with others, aside from one another, to keep up the illustrious blood. At that point, the island had an extraordinary flourishing, reconstructing the places of inhabitants and guaranteeing about protection, while the populace in the island around then was very enormous (conventions say for a populace of more than 70,000 occupants!).
All through the Byzantine period, Ikaria and the Aegean was helpless before privateers and brutes. Around then, the secure palace of Koskina assumed a significant part, which was utilized for the safeguard of the populace. Around then, the waterfront towns were deserted and the occupants lived in the mountains in the inside piece of the island, where it was not noticeable from the ocean and the privateers.
Ikarians had figured out how to make a remarkable endurance framework, under which the houses were made of stones and plates (schists) and they seemed as though they were rocks from a specific distance. The houses were low roof and there was no stack for the chimney so as not to see the smoke from away.
In addition, individuals didn’t move during the day, just during the evening. Around 1204 A.D., Constantinople was vanquished by the Crusaders (Frankish power) and Ikaria was heavily influenced by the Venetians. During the Frankish power, the last control of the island made by the Knights of Rhodes and merits referencing that during this period, which kept going over one century, there are no discoveries to demonstrate the impact of the Franks in Ikaria.
After the triumph of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks and the withdrawal of the Franks from the Aegean, numerous individuals of Samos moved in Chios, to make a typical front fortress against the shared adversary that stretches out to the Aegean. Ikarians, be that as it may, wouldn’t leave their island and get comfortable Chios. All things considered, they liked to stow away covertly settlements in the mountains, as they did before, so as the island can show desert and uninhabited. This period was portrayed as ‘The hundred years of haziness’ and keeps going from 1521 until 1601 (80 years), and zones where populace had assembled was Laggada, Koumaro,Pezi, Perdiki and others. In this manner they figured out how to make due, from the attacks of the Turkish privateer Barbarossa (around 1537 A.D.).
During that period, it ought to be noticed that a tremendous influx of movement to more secure objections introduced in Greece. Ikaria was a zone of high inclination and there is proof of introduced populace from Mani the island. Ikarians gradually started to spring up and course in the island, when the pioneer was king Suleiman the Magnificent , who was very tasteless on the islanders.
Around the eighteenth AD century, the main Aga (=military official) chose the island to gather charges from inhabitants and control the organization there. Imperative is simply the reality, that the occupants figured out how to disappear him and when they were asked who did it, they replied: to kaname ouloi meis afenti'(=’we did everything together dominate’). An expression that stayed in history until current occasions. The Russo-Turkish war (1770-1774 A.D) in the Aegean Sea was obliterating to Ikaria, which added to the ascent of theft in that period.
During the Revolution of 1821, numerous Ikarians were individuals from the Friendly Society. The public upheaval gave incredible hopefulness on the islands. In 1822, after the slaughter of Chios, numerous individuals from Chios discovered shelter in adjoining Ikaria. With the London Protocol in 1830, the island was given back to the Turks and compelled to cover charge (‘machto’) to the Sultan Mahmud II, yet noticed that the time frame an extraordinary thriving, particularly in transportation and carbonize
. In 1912, the Ikarians couldn’t endure any more and they revolted. They got autonomous and they made ‘Elefthera Ikariakin Politeian ‘ (=Free State of Ikaria). The public authority set up under the doctor J. Malachi, it had its own constitution, banner and hymn. It kept going four months until November 1912, when it was officially consolidated with Greece.In present day times, Ikaria had a similar karma of all Greece, destitution during the 2 world encompassing wars and fast improvement today.
Ikaria is referred to until now as the island of outcasts or red island. Because of its geomorphology, Ikaria got an extraordinary number of outcasts during the World War II and from that point onward, who were socialists and figured out how to get one with the locals.One of these was the incredible performer Mikis Theodorakis.
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