What is a Physiotherapist?
What is a Physiotherapist? Physiotherapist TDK dictionary meaning: It means a person who performs physical therapy and rehabilitation evaluations and applications. Physiotherapist for the specialist who plans, evaluates, implements, and reports the physiotherapy and rehabilitation program for the improvement of functional capacity according to the diagnosis of the doctor by determining with special measurement, evaluation, and examination methods in patients with pain and functional disorders such as injury, illness, congenital disability, movement system disorders. It is called. In pain and dysfunction caused by illness, handicap, injury, movement system disorders, and other health-related conditions; According to the diagnosis of the physician, the physiotherapist is the person who makes measurements and evaluations for physiotherapy and rehabilitation and plans and applies for the treatment program in the light of these.
What Does a Physiotherapist Do?
- The physiotherapist evaluates the patient’s muscle, nerve and joint strength with various instruments and tests.
- Plans and implements the physiotherapy rehabilitation program determined by measurement and evaluation methods for physical and functional performance / capacity, pain, sensation, daily life activities, auxiliary equipment, orthosis-prosthesis,
- For treatment;
- Physical fitness training,
- Heat-light hydrotherapy,
- Special exercise and training programs,
- Scale therapy,
- Mechanical and manual treatments,
- Massage approaches,
- Neurophysiological approaches,
- Functional activity training,
- Daily life activities training,
- Walking training,
- Home rehabilitation and family education,
- Design and training of adaptive, supportive, protective and auxiliary equipment, orthosis-prosthesis, training to increase working capacity,
- Special education,
- Applies physiotherapy and rehabilitation to patients and disabled people by applying regulations that facilitate independent movement and vocational rehabilitation approaches,
- Needing physiotherapy;
- creates a physiotherapy rehabilitation program by evaluating elderly and chronic patients,
- Implements the program aiming at the independence of the elderly,
- monitors developments,
- keeps records and organizes leisure activities,
- Participates in health and education activities to be carried out at home and abroad to contribute to the training and development of physiotherapists when necessary,
- Physiotherapist uses special treatment techniques for paralyzed patients,
- Manages physiotherapy and rehabilitation services in institutions and units where physiotherapy rehabilitation applications are performed, contributes to the creation of health-related planning and policies at all levels in cooperation with other members,
- Conducts researches for the scientific development and improvement of physiotherapy and rehabilitation services,
- Physiotherapist relaxes the nerves of paralyzed patients with continuous current devices,
- Determines the working capacity in the health board reports to be given to the disabled, conducts developmental and educational studies, plans life-facilitating projects and reports the results,
- It works in direct cooperation with relevant non-governmental organizations for the autonomy and development of the profession.
- For those with back and neck calcifications, it first heats the uncomfortable areas of their bodies with heat-giving tools, then stimulates them with various tools or hands, softens the hardness
- The physiotherapist stimulates the sick area by placing paralyzed patients in a hot water pool and squirting water into the patient’s body with tools,
- Plans exercises to strengthen the parts of the body with reduced mobility and supervise their implementation,
- It teaches the patient the use of auxiliary devices (prosthesis or orthosis) that are attached to support the organs that cannot be eliminated or completely disappeared.
Tools, Equipment and Equipment Used by Physiotherapists
- Traction device,
- Electric stimulation instrument,
- Sandbags, weights,
- Cervical traction instrument,
- Lumbal traction instrument,
- Heat-light agents,
- Electrical modalities,
- Uses instruments such as prosthetics-orthotics and auxiliary equipment.
To be a physiotherapist;
- Interested and successful in science, especially biology and physics,
- Can use their eyes and hands in coordination,
- Manual skills are developed,
- Can understand others and likes to help them,
- Being a physiotherapist requires patience, care and responsibility.
Working Areas of Physiotherapists
Physiotherapists work in rehabilitation centers, hospitals, private health institutions, private training centers, sports / health centers, retirement homes, amateur and professional sports clubs, thermal / spa facilities. Working environments are quiet and clean. Physiotherapists usually perform their duties standing and using a variety of instruments. The physiotherapist interacts with patients, physicians and other physiotherapists during the task. They interact and communicate with all healthcare personnel during their duties, using their voices, physical forces, gestures and various tools.
How to Become a Physiotherapist?
The training period of the physiotherapist profession is 4 years. Physiotherapist vocational training is given in the Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation departments of the Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Schools of the universities and the Health Sciences Faculties. “Undergraduate Diploma” is awarded to those who successfully complete their education.
Employment Opportunities for Physiotherapists
- Physiotherapists can work in private and public hospitals, SSI, Ministry of Health, municipal and university research hospitals, private clinics, sports clubs, rehabilitation centers and nursing homes.
- Since physiotherapy is a science that can be applied to many fields of medicine, the physiotherapist;
- General surgery,
- Community medicine,
- Cardiovascular surgery,
- He can treat patients in gynecology and obstetrics and sports sciences.
- After traffic and other occupational accidents, which increase significantly,
- Preventing functional disorders from becoming permanent,
- Physical therapists have great duties and responsibilities in gaining the independence of the individual.
- As the awareness of integrating disabled people into society and employing them in productive jobs, the importance of physiotherapists gradually increases and more personnel are needed.
- The physiotherapist contributes to reaching a healthier society and reducing healthcare costs by taking part in programs and projects aimed at preventing disability and disorder, with the foundation of society and preventive rehabilitation practices.
- Physiotherapists working in public institutions and organizations receive a monthly salary according to the coefficient and compensations in the degree and level stipulated in the Civil Servants Law No. 657, Health Services Class.
- Monthly fees of physiotherapists in private sector companies are determined by mutual agreement.
- The newly graduated Physiotherapist starts with at least the minimum wage. As the service increases, the wage paid can go up to 4-5 times the minimum wage.